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Machu Picchu Peru

Machu Picchu Peru An ancient of the 15th-century fort was situated on the mountain rim is a popular tourist place called Machu Picchu or Machu Pikchu. The astonishing fort was located 2,430 meters above from the sea level. Tourists can visit Machu Picchu in Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, and Machu Picchu District in “Peru” above the sacred valley. This valley located in 80 kilometers northwest of Cusco and Urubamba River flows through the valley.

It is the archaeologists’ belief that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca Emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). The estate was built around 1450 and abandoned during the Spanish conquest. It remained unknown to the world until the American historian Hiram Bingham brought the fort into the International attention in 1911.

The classical Inca style occupied the fort along with polished dry-stone walls. The fort has three primary structures called Inti Watana, The temple of Sun, and the Room of the three windows.

Most of the buildings give a better idea to the tourists about the origination of the fort. Thirty percent of Machu Picchu preserved in 1976 and it has been still restored.

Prime features:

  • Machu Picchu received a declaration of a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981
  • It won UNESCO World Heritage site title in 1983
  • The fort won more votes as one of the new seven world wonder in the worldwide internet poll held on 2007
  • Approximately 2500 people arrive daily from late May until early September, which is a prime season.
  • 10am-2pm is the peak visiting hours of the fort
  • The native languages are Quechua, Spanish
  • In the Quechua native language, “Machu Picchu” means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain”
  • Hanan and Urin are the two parts of citadel
  • 150 buildings say houses, baths, temples, and sanctuaries are in the fort
  • Professor Hiram Bingham re-discovered the location and wrote a book called “The Lost City of the Incas” based on his findings.
  • Twice a year, the sun sets directly over the stone creating no shadow.
  • Machu Picchu Mountain can only be climbed in the morning

The climate in Machu Picchu:

April to November is a bright dry season; November to March is a heavy rainy season and the best time to visit Machu Picchu is May to October.

Top spots to visit in Machu Picchu

Sanctuary:

Since there is a huge demand to entrance ticket in such a historical sanctuary, the tourists better buy them in Cusco. The visitors can enter up to 4 PM and the exit time is 5 PM. Online purchases are possible only for adults and not for students, child. Local guides will be available at the gate entrance. Baggage check offices will be there at the entrance open from 6am-4pm. The baggage should not exceed 20lbs.

Temple of the Sun:

Eye catching glimpse of the sun temple is one of the popular things to watch in Machu Picchu fort. The temple’s tower has a circular shape constructed in granite and it houses the sacred sundial that the Incas used during celebrations of the winter solstice each year. The sundial was middle to the agricultural and spiritual practice defines the Incan culture. It is the most attractive holy place in the fort.

Sacred Valley

In between the town Pisac and Ollantaytambo, the sacred valley Peru located. Tourists can access the place from Cusco city. The valley encompasses many rivers and numerous archeological monuments. All the places have pre-Hispanic archaeological ruins and built by different Incas and used as resting places. Handmade goods are available here.

Winawayna

This archeological site presents in the Southwest of Machu Picchu sanctuary and it is 2700 meter from the sea level, the perfect place for the expedition. The ruins contain upper and lower Incan architecture collection and connected by stone steps. A unique, circular building is the upper structure while below there is a linear parapet, jagged walls, stone slabs collection. The shaky staircase between the two levels hugs a long line of ancients fountains often referred as baths. December to March heavy rainfall will occur in the place.

The other spots around Machu Picchu are Intipuncu, Intihuatana Stone, Inca Bridge, The Sacred Rock, Roca Sagrada, Caos Granitico, Runkuracay, and Templo Del Triunfo.

Accommodation:

There are many hotels, lodges, start hotels, budgetary hotels are nearby the fort. Local guides and translators will be available to initiate your tour hassle free.

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